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Article 11. Culture

(1) This Constitution recognises culture as the foundation of the nation and as the cumulative civilization of the Kenyan people and nation.

(2) The State shall–

  • (a) promote all forms of national and cultural expression through literature, the arts, traditional celebrations, science, communication, information, mass media, publications, libraries and other cultural heritage;
  • (b) recognise the role of science and indigenous technologies in the development of the nation; and
  • (c) promote the intellectual property rights of the people of Kenya.

(3) Parliament shall enact legislation to–

  • (a) ensure that communities receive compensation or royalties for the use of their cultures and cultural heritage; and
  • (b) recognise and protect the ownership of indigenous seeds and plant varieties, their genetic and diverse characteristics and their use by the communities of Kenya.