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Article 53. Children

(1) Every child has the right –

  • (a) to a name and nationality from birth;
  • (b) to free and compulsory basic education;
  • (c) to basic nutrition, shelter and health care;
  • (d) to be protected from abuse, neglect, harmful cultural practices, all forms of violence, inhuman treatment and punishment, and hazardous or exploitative labour;
  • (e) to parental care and protection, which includes equal responsibility of the mother and father to provide for the child, whether they are married to each other or not; and
  • (f) not to be detained, except as a measure of last resort, and when detained, to be held –
    • (i) for the shortest appropriate period of time; and
    • (ii) separate from adults and in conditions that take account of the child’s sex and age.

(2) A child’s best interests are of paramount importance in every matter concerning the child