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Article 251. Removal From Office

(1) A member of a commission (other than an ex officio member), or the holder of an independent office, may be removed from office only for–

  • (a) serious violation of this Constitution or any other law, including a contravention of Chapter Six;
  • (b) gross misconduct, whether in the performance of the member’s or office holder’s functions or otherwise;
  • (c) physical or mental incapacity to perform the functions of office;
  • (d) incompetence; or
  • (e) bankruptcy.

(2) A person desiring the removal of a member of a commission or of a holder of an independent office on any ground specified in clause (1) may present a petition to the National Assembly setting out the alleged facts constituting that ground.

(3) The National Assembly shall consider the petition and, if it is satisfied that it discloses a ground under clause (1), shall send the petition to the President.

(4) On receiving a petition under clause (3), the President–

  • (a) may suspend the member or office holder pending the outcome of the complaint; and
  • (b) shall appoint a tribunal in accordance with clause (5).

(5) The tribunal shall consist of–

  • (a) a person who holds or has held office as a judge of a superior court, who shall be the chairperson;
  • (b) at least two persons who are qualified to be appointed as High Court judges; and
  • (c) one other member who is qualified to assess the facts in respect of the particular ground for removal.

(6) The tribunal shall investigate the matter expeditiously, report on the facts and make a binding recommendation to the President, who shall act in accordance with the recommendation within thirty days.

(7) A person suspended under this Article is entitled to continue to receive one-half of the remuneration and benefits of the office while suspended.